医源世界
首页合作平台医学论文基础医学论文解剖学

关节韧带的结构和功能

来源:解剖科学进展
摘要:摘要:韧带是一种纤维结缔组织短带,正常韧带内胶原纤维沿长轴以平行方式排列,偏光下表现波浪状的排列方式。韧带有机械感受器,传递本体感受至神经中枢。韧带具有时间和历史依赖性的粘弹性特性。韧带起着引导关节面的正常运动,限制过度运动的作用。...

点击显示 收起

  摘 要:韧带是一种纤维结缔组织短带,正常韧带内胶原纤维沿长轴以平行方式排列,偏光下表现波浪状的排列方式。韧带有机械感受器,传递本体感受至神经中枢。韧带具有时间和历史依赖性的粘弹性特性。对负荷也显示出非线性机械行为。韧带起着引导关节面的正常运动,限制过度运动的作用。另外,韧带还在保持关节面的生理压力和免疫防卫方面起着作用。参考文献:

  [1]Amiel D, Frank G, Harwood F, et al. Tendon and ligaments-a morphological and biochemical comparison. J Orthop res, 1984, 1: 257

  [2]Baselt DR, Revel JP, Baldeschwieler JD. Subfibrillar structure of type collagen observed by atomic force microscopy. Biophysical J, 1993, 65: 2644

  [3]Shattuck MB, Gustafsson GL, Fisher KA, et al. Monomeric collagen imaged by cryogenic force microscopy. J Microscopy, 1994, 174(1): 1

  [4]Montes GS. Structural biology of the fibers of the collagenous and elastic systems. Cell Biol int, 1996, 20: 15

  [5]Dale WC, Baer E, Keller A, et al. On the ultrastructure of mammalian tenden. Experlentia, 1972, 28: 1293

  [6]Woo SL, Gomez MA, WOO YK, et al. Mechanical properties of tendons and ligaments. Ⅱ. The relationships of immobilization and exercise on tissue remodeling. biorheology, 1982, 19: 397

  [7]Bray RC, Fisher AW, Frank CB. Fine vascular anatomy of adult rabbit knee ligaments. J anat, 1990, 172: 69

  [8]Dunlap J, Mccarthy JA, Joyce ME, et al. Quantification of the perfusion of the anterior cruciate ligament and the effects of stress and injury to supporting structures. Am J Sports Med, 1989, 17: 808

  [9]Bray RC, Rangayyan RM, Frank CB. Normal and healing ligament vascularity:a quantitative histological assessment in the adult rabbit medial collateral ligament. J anat, 1996, 188: 87

  [10]Peteie S, Colllins J, Solomonow M, et al. Mechanoreceptors in the palmar wrist ligaments. J Bone Joint surg, 1997, 79B: 494

  [11]Johansson H, Sjolander P, Sojka P. A sensory role for the cruciate ligaments. Clin orthop, 1991, 268: 161

  [12]Schuttee MJ, Dabezies EJ, Zimny ML, et al. Neural anatomy of the human anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone surg, 1887, 69A: 243

  [13]Gillquist J. Knee ligament and proprioception. Acta Orthop Scand, 1996, 67: 533

  [14]Miyatsu M, Atsuta Y, Watakabe M. The physiology of mechanoreceptors in the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint surg, 1993, 75B: 653

  [15]Woo SL, Gomez WA, Akeson WH. The time and history-dependent viscoelasties of the canine medial collateral ligament. J Biomech Eng, 1981, 103: 293

  [16]Woo SL, Gomez MA, Woo YK, et al. Mechanical properties of tendons and ligaments. biorheology, 1982, 19: 385

  [17]Lu TW, Oconnor JJ. Lines of action and moment arms of the major force-bearing structures crossing the human knee joint: comparison between theory and experiment. J anat, 1996, 189: 575

  [18]Noyes FR, Delucad JL, Torvik PJ. Biomechanics of anterior cruciate ligament failure in primates. J Bone Joint surg, 1974, 56A: 236

  [19]Nickerson DA, Joshi R, Williams S, et al. Synovial fluid stimulates the prolifieration of rabbit ligament. Clin orthip, 1992, 274: 294

  [20]Schutzer SF, Christen S, Jakob RP. Further observations on the isometricity of the anterior cruciate ligament. An anatomical study using a 6mm diameter replacement. Clin orthop, 1989, 242: 247

  [21]Jarvlnen M, Jozaa L, Johnsom RJ, et al. Effect of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon or the knee jount. An experimental study in dogs. Clin Orthop, 1995, 311: 176

  [22]Kannus P, Sievanen H, Jarvinen M, et al. A cruciate ligament injury produces considerable permanent osteoporosis in the affected knee.

作者: 张长杰 2004-9-30
医学百科App—中西医基础知识学习工具
  • 相关内容
  • 近期更新
  • 热文榜
  • 医学百科App—健康测试工具